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In most jurisdictions , pharmacists are regulated separately from physicians. That is, the legislation stipulates that the practice of prescribing must be separate from the practice of dispensing. These jurisdictions also usually specify that only pharmacists may supply scheduled pharmaceuticals to the public, and that pharmacists cnnot form business partnerships with physicians or give them "kickback" payments.In the minority of jurisdictions doctors are allowed to dispense drugs themselves andthe practiceof pharmacy is integrated with that of the phyicianThe reason for the majority rule is the high risk of a onflict of interest. Otherwise, the physician has a financial self-interest in "diagnosing" as many conditions as possible, and in exaggerating their seriousness, because he can then sell more medications to the patient. Such self-interest directly conflicts with the patient's interest in obtaining cost-effective medication.

Community Pharmacy
A pharmacy (commonly the chemist; or drugstore in the ; or Apothecary, historicallis the place where most pharmacists practice the profession of pharmacy.cnds more time communicating with patient.There is a requirement that all pharmacies must have a pharmacist on-duty at all times it is open. In many jurisdictions it is also a requirement hat the owner of a pharacy must be a registered pharmacist. This latter requirement has been revokd in many jurisdictions, such that many retailers (including grocery stores and mass merchandisers) now include a pharmacy as department of their store.

Hospital Pharmacy
In much the same way that hospital pharmacists have different roles to community pharmacists, hospital pharmacies have different roles to community pharmcies. Some pharmacists in hospital pharmacies may have more complex clinical medication management issues whereas pharmacists in community pharmacies often have more coex business and customer relations issues.Unlike communi pharmacies, which are usually indpendently owned, hospital pharmacis can usually be found within the premises of the hospital. Hospital pharmacies usually stock a larger range of medications, including more specialized medications, than would be feasible in the ommunity setting. Traditionally, hospital pharmacies have also prepared various injectable preparations such as saline, total parenteral nutrition and other drug infusions; but there has been a trend to outsource these functions to specialised pharmaceutical companies.

The future of pharmacy
In the coming decades pharmacists will become more integral parts of the health care system. Rather than simply a dispenser of medication, pharmacists will b paid for their cognitive skills. This paradigm shift has already commenced in some countries, for instance pharmacists in Australia receive remuneration from the Australian Government for conducting comprehensive Home Medicines Reviews. Many niversities are altering their programs to increase emphasise in fields such as pharmcotherapeutics, clinicalpharmacy, nuclear pharmacy, disease state management, etc.

In most jurisdictions pharmacists are regulated separately from physicians. That is, the legislation stipulates that the practice of prescribing must be separate from the practice of dispensing. These jurisdictions also usually specify that only pharmacists may supply scheduled pharmaceuticals to the public, and that pharmacists cannot form business partnerships with physicians or give them "kickback" payments.

In the minority of jurisdictions doctors are allowed to dispense drugs themselves and the practice of pharmacy is integrated with that of the physician.

The reason for the majority rule is the high risk of a conflict of interest. Otherwise, the physician has a financial self-interest in "diagnosing" as many conditions as possible, and in exaggerating their seriousness, because he can then sell more medications to the patient. Such self-interest directly conflicts with the patient's interest in obtaining cost-effective medication.

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