Pharmacy Product Info

Monday, March 31, 2008

Skilled Nursing Pharmacy

Skilled Nursing Pharmacy has serviced the Long Term Care community with fineness in pharmaceutical care for more then 40 years.We are confidentially owned and consider the relationships we build are the key to our success.We obtain great conceit in working closely with caregivers to guarantee that the requirements of the residents are met quickly & with high levels of personal attention. Our state-of-the-art Pharmacy shared with our technologically advanced computer & records system allows us to process prescriptions quickly & accurately, and to ensure the peak level of service ,safety & care. Pharmacists are accessible to aid you 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Our skilled nurse consultants are an educational and QA resource.

Our Pharmacists perform a lot more then just fill prescriptions - they get an active role in the care of your residents. Working with doctors to ensure the best possible care, our pharmacists present detailed descriptions & consultations on each prescription we fill. As part of our commitment to constantly improving the service process, Skilled Nursing Pharmacy has adopted an electronic document management system that enables us to arrange, route, & retrieve patient records & other documentation.The system tracks all actions performed for a patient, storing the data for easy recovery and review.Our system provides real-time information on prescription status, allows physicians to take action to order clarifications & other information needs online, and offers access to standard forms, invoices, & statements on demand.

Sunday, March 30, 2008

Separation of prescribing from dispensing

In the largest part jurisdictions pharmacists are keeping up discretely from physicians.In particular, the legislation stipulates that the practice of prescribing must be separate from the practice of dispensing.These jurisdictions too usually denote that only pharmacists may bring scheduled pharmaceuticals to the public, and that pharmacists cannot form business partnerships with physicians or give them "kickback" payments.Though, the American Medical Association (AMA) Code of principles provides that physicians may dispense drugs within their office practices as long as there is no patient utilization and patients have the right to a written prescription that can be filled elsewhere.In other jurisdictions doctors are permitted to dispense drugs themselves and the practice of pharmacy is now and then incorporated with that of the physician, principally in traditional Chinese medicine.In Canada it is common for a medical clinic and a pharmacy to be placed together and for the ownership in both enterprises to be common, but certified separately.

The reason for the popular rule is the high risk of a variance of interest.If not, the physician has a financial self-interest in "diagnosing" as many conditions as possible, and in exaggerating their importance, because he or she can then sell more medications to the patient.Such self-centeredness directly conflicts with the patient's interest in obtaining cost-effective medication and avoiding the unnecessary use of medication that may have side-effects.This system reflects much resemblance to the checks and balances system of the U.S. and many other governments.A movement for partition has begun in many countries and has already been successful. As many of the outstanding nations move towards partition, confrontation and lobbying from dispensing doctors who have pecuniary interests may prove a major faltering block.

Friday, March 28, 2008

Formulary Competition

Pharmaceutical manufacturers formulate payments to PBMs that involve the prices that plan sponsors and members pay for drugs dispensed under the plans administered by the PBMs. Pharmaceutical manufacturers compute these payments as a percentage of the price of the prescription dispensed.On average, PBM study participants acknowledged total payments from pharmaceutical manufacturers of $5.22 per equal-sized mail and retail brand-drug prescriptions dispensed in 2002. The average payment increased 21.5 percent to $6.34 in 2003. The extent to which contracts between PBMs and their plan sponsor clients explicitly shared these payments varied by plan sponsor.

PBMs received the majority of their total payments for a limited number of single-source brand drugs. In 2003, each study participants top 25 brand drugs accounted for approximately 71 percent of the participants total payments received, on average.The pharmaceutical manufacturer-PBM agreements examined by the FTC staff showed that manufacturers readily raised and lowered allowance levels for each of their drug products as competition developed in the drugs therapeutic class. Allowance levels were higher for drugs on restrictive formularies and when there were several competing drugs in a therapeutic class.The manufacturer-PBM contracts generally did not provide higher allowance levels for drugs dispensed through PBM-owned mail-order pharmacies as compared to retail pharmacies.

Tuesday, March 25, 2008

Medical Biotechnology

Ever marvel how new drugs and vaccines are revealed, why there is improved and accelerated drug testing, better diagnostic capabilities, and the availability of foods which enhance nutritional values. This evolution has extremely improved healthcare and is viewed by many scientists as only a beginning to the great era of medical biotechnology. Scientist consider that the availability of "targeted therapies" for diseases and individuals should dramatically improve drug safety and efficacy, and the growth of predictive technologies may lead to a new era in disease prevention, particularly in some of the world's rapidly developing economies. This sound justification holds great potential and promise in the field of medical biotechnology.

The IMU Medical Biotechnology Programme has included key features to prepare the modern Medical Biotechnologist for challenges beyond tomorrow. These features offer an considerable advantage to students as there is significant emphasis on concepts and theories important for creating a constant platform to develop technical know-how and skills.The technical skill of the student begins with learning in a controlled laboratory environment. As the student progresses they will be qualified to think and solve analytically through modules that were specially designed for them to make independent decisions.

Furthermore, IMU has a numerous of knowledge in the field of medical and pharmaceutical sciences. The faculty members are already engaged in active research work, providing a suitable environment for the medical biotechnology student to experience the thinking, planning, application and discussion related to research.

Monday, March 24, 2008

The future of pharmacy

In the future decades, pharmacists are anticipated to develop into more essential within the health care system. Some what than simply providing medication, pharmacists will be paid for their patient care skills.

This alter has already commenced in some countries; for illustration, pharmacists in Australia accept reward from the Australian Government for conducting inclusive Home Medicines Reviews. In the United Kingdom, pharmacists (and nurses) who carry out supplementary training are obtaining prescribing rights. They are also being rewarded for by the government for medicine use reviews. In the United States, pharmaceutical care or Clinical pharmacy has had an growing power on the practice of pharmacy. Moreover, the Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) degree is now essential before entering practice and many pharmacists now complete one or two years of rights or companionship training following graduation. In addition, consultant pharmacists, who conventionally operated principally in nursing homes are now growing into direct consultation with patients, under the banner of senior care pharmacy

Sunday, March 23, 2008

Internet pharmacy

while regarding the year 2000, a increasing number of Internet pharmacies have been recognized worldwide. several of these pharmacies are related to community pharmacies, and really, many of them are actually operated by brick-and-mortar community pharmacies that provide consumers online and those that walk in their door. The primary difference is the method by which the medications are requested and received. Some customers think this to be more suitable and private method rather than traveling to a community drugstore where another customer might eavesdrop about the drugs that they take. Internet pharmacies (also known as Online Pharmacies) are also suggested to some patients by their physicians if they are homebound.

Though most Internet pharmacies advertise prescription drugs and want a valid prescription, some Internet pharmacies sell prescription drugs without requiring a prescription.several customers order drugs from such pharmacies to avoid the problem of visiting a doctor or to get medications which their doctors were unwilling to recommend. though, this apply has been criticized as potentially unsafe, particularly by those who feel that only doctors can constantly charge contraindications, risk/benefit ratios, and an individual's taken as a whole suitability for use of a medication. There also have been reports of such pharmacies providing poor quality products. obviously as history has shown, imperfect products can be dispensed by both Internet and Community pharmacies, so it is best that the buyer beware.

Wednesday, March 19, 2008

Hospital pharmacy

Pharmacies in hospitals change greatly from community pharmacies. various pharmacists in hospital pharmacies can have more complex clinical medication managing issues whereas pharmacists in community pharmacies frequently have extra complex business and customer relations issues.

Because of the density of medications with specific indications, efficiency of treatment regimens, protection of medications (i.e., drug interactions) and patient agreement issues ( in the hospital and at home) many pharmacists involved in hospitals gain more education and training after pharmacy school throughout a pharmacy practice care order and sometimes followed by another residency in a specific area. Most pharmacists are frequently referred to as clinical pharmacists and they often concentrate in various disciplines of pharmacy. For illustration, there are pharmacists who focus in haematology/oncology, HIV/AIDS, transferable disease, critical care, emergency medicine, toxicology, nuclear pharmacy, pain management, psychiatry, anticoagulation clinics, herbal medicine, neurology/epilepsy management, paediatrics, neonatal pharmacists and more.

Hospital pharmacies can regularly be initiate in the place of the hospital. Hospital pharmacies generally stock a larger range of medications, with more expert medications, than would be possible in the community setting. Most of the hospital medications are unit-dose, or a single dose of medicine. Hospital pharmacists and trained pharmacy technicians composite sterile products for patients with total parenteral nutrition (TPN), and other medications specified intravenously. This is a composite process that requires sufficient training of personnel, quality assurance of products, and adequate facilities. some hospital pharmacies have decided to outsource high risk arrangements and some other compounding functions to companies who concentrate in compounding.

Tuesday, March 18, 2008

Community pharmacy

A pharmacy is the place where most pharmacists perform the profession of pharmacy. It is the community pharmacy where the dichotomy of the profession exists—health professionals who are also retailers.Community pharmacies generally consist of a retail storefront with a dispensary where medications are stored and dispensed.The dispensary is subject to pharmacy legislation; with requirements for storage conditions, compulsory texts, equipment, etc., specified in legislation. Where it was once the case that pharmacists stayed within the dispensary compounding/dispensing medications; there has been an increasing style towards the use of trained pharmacy technicians while the pharmacist spends more time communicating with patients.

All pharmacies are essential to have a pharmacist on-duty at all times when open. In many jurisdictions, it is also a necessity that the owner of a pharmacy must be a registered pharmacist (R.Ph.). This latter requirement has been revoked in many jurisdictions, such that many retailers (including supermarkets and mass merchandisers) now consist of a pharmacy as a department of their store.Likewise, many pharmacies are now rather grocery store-like in their design. In addition to medicines and prescriptions, many now sell a various arrangement of additional household items such as cosmetics, shampoo, bandages, office supplies, candy, and snack foods.

Sunday, March 16, 2008

Veterinary medicine

Veterinary medicine is the application of medical, diagnostic, and therapeutic values to companion, domestic, exotic, wildlife, and production animals. Veterinary science is essential to the study and protection of animal production practices, herd health and monitoring the spread of disease. It requires the gaining and application of scientific knowledge in multiple disciplines and uses technical skills directed at disease prevention in both domestic and wild animals.Veterinary science helps protect human health through the careful monitoring of livestock, companion animal and wildlife health. Emerging zoonotic diseases around the globe involve capabilities in epidemiology and infectious disease control that are particularly well-suited to veterinary science's "herd health" approach.

Veterinary medicine is casually as old as the human/animal bond but in recent years has expanded exponentially because of the availability of advanced diagnostic and therapeutic techniques for most species. Veterinary specialization has become more common in recent years. Currently 20 veterinary specialties are recognized by the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA), including anesthesiology, behavior, dermatology, emergency and critical care, internal medicine, cardiology, oncology, neurology, radiology and surgery. In order to become a specialist, a veterinarian must complete additional training after graduation from veterinary school in the form of an internship and residency and then pass a exact examination.

Saturday, March 15, 2008

Emergency Medical Services

The mission of this program has been to administer, maintain, and operate a State comprehensive emergency medical services system throughout Hawaii that is designed to reduce medical emergency deaths, injuries, and permanent long-term disability through the implementation of a fully integrated cohesive network of related components. The state system provides for the arrangement of personnel, facilities and such equipment, primarily in the pre-hospital setting, for the effective and coordinated delivery of health care services under emergency conditions whether occurring as a result of the patient's condition, natural disasters, or other causes.

Injury Prevention -The Emergency Medical Services System Branch was enhanced by inclusion of the Department of Health's Injury Prevention and Control Program. Two closely interrrelated, interdependent programs merged into a mutually advantageous association. The merger created an efficient and effective administrative structure for broad based community planning and development of Emergency Medical Services and injury prevention and control.The integration of injury prevention and control into the State Emergency Medical Services System now provides for a "medical home" for injury prevention within ambulance service communities.

Injury prevention is the first phase of an effective Emergency Medical Services System, including public education and prehospital medical care from onset of sudden life threatening injury or illness until arrival at an appropriate medical facility.The use of Emergency Medical Services injury data, which is augmented with highway safety and hospital discharge data, is vital information to assist communities in developing injury prevention programs. Nationally, Injury Prevention Programs are recognized as an integral component of Comprehensive Emergency Medical Services Systems. The local consolidation of these two programs has strengthened the Department of Health's role as a central clearinghouse for injury prevention data and programs.

Thursday, March 13, 2008

Medical products and the Internet

The Fifty-first World Health Assembly requested the Director-General of WHO to develop a guide on medical products and the Internet. The guide was intended to serve as a model for Member States to adapt into locally meaningful advice for Internet users in order to help them to obtain reliable, independent and comparable information on medicinal products. The guide in this booklet has been prepared to meet the Health Assembly request. It has been developed in consultation with drug regulatory authorities, drug information experts, consumer organizations, and the pharmaceutical industry. It is a model guide, designed to be translated into national languages and modified as the local situation may require.WHO would be grateful to receive any comments on experience gained from the practical use of the guide which would help in developing it further.

If used properly, the Internet allows quick and easy access to health information. It provides useful information on such topics as diseases, conditions, therapies, medical products, and health and medical organizations and institutions. The information you obtain from the Internet can be helpful when you consult your doctor or other health care provider about your disease or condition. But the guidance from the Internet should not replace consultation with your health care provider. Although it is often difficult to determine, you still need to verify the source of information available on the Internet. Information that sounds too good to be true, in particular, requires verification and careful assessment.Be cautious about buying medical products via the Internet.In many countries, selling or buying medical products via the Internet may at present be an illegal activity. You are strongly advised to obtain your medical products through legitimate distribution channels such as pharmacies.

Wednesday, March 12, 2008

Medicare Prescription Drug Coverage

Medicare prescription drug coverage is insurance that helps people pay for prescription drugs at participating pharmacies. It is available to everyone who has Medicare. It provides protection if you pay high drug costs or have unexpected prescription drug bills. It doesn't cover all costs. You have to pay part of the cost of prescription drugs. Most people also have to pay a monthly premium and a yearly deductible for the coverage.

Private companies provide Medicare prescription drug coverage. You choose the drug plan you like best. Whether or not you should sign up for the coverage depends on how good your current coverage is. You need to sign up for coverage as soon as you are eligible for Medicare. Otherwise, you might have to pay a penalty.